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Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis): A Medicinal Plant with Promising Health Benefits and Therapeutic Potential

Introduction: Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis), also known as the Devil's Backbone or Hadjod, is a medicinal plant that has been widely used in traditional medicine systems for centuries. With its origins in India, this plant belongs to the Vitaceae family and is characterized by its unique four-angled stem. Hadjod holds significant importance in various cultures due to its potential health benefits and therapeutic properties. Its traditional use can be traced back to ancient Ayurvedic texts, where it is highly regarded for its ability to promote bone health and treat musculoskeletal disorders. Historically, Hadjod has been used as a natural remedy for fractures, bone loss, and joint-related conditions. In Ayurveda, it is classified as a 'Asthisandhaneeya' herb, meaning it has the potential to strengthen bones, promote fracture healing, and improve overall bone health. The plant's name, "Hadjod," is derived from the Hindi word "hadjod,"

Chirongi Oil (Buchanania Latifolia): A Nutrient-rich Elixir with Diverse Applications


In the world of natural oils, there is one gem that stands out for its exceptional properties and cultural significance: Chirongi Oil. Derived from the seeds of the Buchanania Latifolia tree, Chirongi Oil is revered for its nutritional value, therapeutic potential, and versatile applications. Also known as charoli or chironji oil, it has captured the attention of various cultures and industries worldwide.

Buchanania Latifolia, a deciduous tree native to the Indian subcontinent, yields small, kidney-shaped seeds that are carefully extracted to obtain this precious oil. Renowned for its rich aroma and unique taste, Chirongi Oil has become a staple ingredient in many culinary traditions. Additionally, its medicinal properties have made it a popular choice in Ayurvedic and herbal medicine practices.

The significance of Chirongi Oil extends beyond its use in cooking and traditional medicine. It has found its place in the cosmetics and skincare industry, where it is celebrated for its ability to nourish the skin and hair. With its diverse range of applications, Chirongi Oil has become an essential component of numerous products, including soaps, lotions, and hair care formulations.

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of Chirongi Oil, exploring its botanical origins, nutritional composition, cultural importance, and wide-ranging uses in various industries. Join us on this journey as we uncover the secrets and benefits of this remarkable oil, shedding light on its remarkable contributions to both traditional practices and modern applications.

Botanical Description:

Buchanania Latifolia, commonly known as Chirongi or Charoli, is a medium-sized deciduous tree that belongs to the family Anacardiaceae. It is primarily found in the Indian subcontinent, particularly in the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan in India, as well as in Nepal and Bangladesh.

Size, Shape, and Color:

The Buchanania Latifolia tree typically reaches a height of 10 to 15 meters (33 to 49 feet) and has a spreading crown. Its trunk is cylindrical and covered with rough bark. The branches of the tree are slender and spread out in a symmetrical manner.


The leaves of Buchanania Latifolia are alternate, pinnate, and spirally arranged on the branches. Each leaf is composed of several elliptical or lanceolate leaflets with serrated margins. The color of the leaves is a vibrant green, providing a lush appearance to the tree.


The tree produces small, inconspicuous flowers that are pale yellow or greenish-yellow in color. The flowers are borne in panicles, which are elongated clusters that grow at the ends of branches. Although the flowers are not visually striking, they play a crucial role in the pollination process.


The fruits of Buchanania Latifolia are small, ovoid drupes that measure approximately 2 centimeters (0.8 inches) in length. The outer layer of the fruit is hard and woody, while the inner part contains a single seed. The seeds, known as chirongi or charoli seeds, are the source of the valuable Chirongi Oil.

Native Regions:

Buchanania Latifolia is indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, primarily found in the central and western regions of India. It thrives in warm and dry climates and is well-adapted to regions with low to moderate rainfall. The tree is often found growing in scrub forests, along riverbanks, and in rocky areas.

The native regions of Buchanania Latifolia have fostered a rich cultural tradition associated with the use of Chirongi Oil. It has become an integral part of the local cuisine, herbal medicine practices, and various cultural rituals. Today, with its increasing popularity, the cultivation of Buchanania Latifolia has expanded to other suitable regions, ensuring the availability of Chirongi Oil beyond its native habitat.

Extraction and Production:

The process of extracting Chirongi Oil from Buchanania Latifolia seeds involves several steps to obtain the precious oil. Traditionally, the extraction methods were labor-intensive, while modern techniques have streamlined the process for commercial production.

Traditional Extraction Methods:


The harvested Chirongi seeds are spread out in the sun to dry. This step helps remove any moisture and makes the seeds easier to process.


After drying, the outer hard shells of the seeds are manually removed by cracking them open. This reveals the white, almond-shaped kernels inside.


The kernels are then ground into a fine powder or paste using traditional grinding stones or mortar and pestle.

Cold Pressing:

The ground kernel paste is placed in a cloth or sack and pressed to extract the oil. This method does not involve the use of heat, thereby preserving the oil's nutritional qualities.


The extracted oil is filtered to remove any impurities or remaining solids.

Modern Extraction Methods:

Mechanical Crushing:

In modern production, Chirongi seeds are mechanically crushed to separate the kernels from the shells. This process is more efficient and less time-consuming than manual decortication.

Expeller Pressing:

The kernels obtained from the crushing process are then subjected to expeller pressing. This method uses mechanical pressure to extract the oil from the kernels.

Solvent Extraction:

In some industrial settings, solvent extraction methods are employed. Organic solvents, such as hexane, are used to dissolve the oil from the kernels. The solvent is then evaporated, leaving behind the Chirongi Oil.

Equipment and Techniques:

Oil Expeller:

Mechanical expellers or oil presses are commonly used for modern extraction. These machines apply pressure to crush the seeds and extract the oil.

Filtration Equipment:

Filtration systems, such as filter presses or filter cloths, are used to remove impurities and solids from the extracted oil.


Centrifugal separators may be employed to separate the oil from any residual water or solid particles.

Refining Techniques:

In commercial production, additional refining processes, such as degumming, bleaching, and deodorizing, may be performed to enhance the oil's clarity, stability, and shelf life.


It is worth noting that the traditional extraction methods are still prevalent in certain regions and for small-scale production, as they retain the oil's natural qualities. However, modern methods offer higher efficiency and larger-scale production capabilities. The choice of extraction method depends on factors such as the intended production volume, available resources, and desired quality of Chirongi Oil.

Nutritional and Medicinal Properties:

Chirongi Oil derived from Buchanania Latifolia seeds possesses a rich nutritional profile, containing a range of essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. Here are some key components and potential health benefits associated with the consumption or application of Chirongi Oil:

Essential Fatty Acids:

Chirongi Oil is abundant in essential fatty acids, including omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. These fatty acids play a vital role in maintaining cardiovascular health, reducing inflammation, and supporting brain function.


Chirongi Oil is a good source of vitamins, particularly vitamin E. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that helps protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. It also promotes skin health and supports the immune system.


Chirongi Oil contains various minerals, such as calcium, phosphorus, and iron. These minerals are important for maintaining bone health, supporting energy production, and aiding in the formation of red blood cells.

Potential Health Benefits:

Heart Health:

The presence of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in Chirongi Oil can contribute to maintaining a healthy heart by reducing cholesterol levels and improving overall cardiovascular function.

Skin and Hair Care:

Chirongi Oil is renowned for its moisturizing and nourishing properties, making it beneficial for skincare and haircare. It helps hydrate the skin, promotes a healthy complexion, and can be used to alleviate dryness and irritation. Additionally, it may strengthen hair, reduce breakage, and improve scalp health.

Anti-inflammatory Properties:

The essential fatty acids found in Chirongi Oil possess anti-inflammatory properties, which may help reduce inflammation in the body and alleviate symptoms associated with inflammatory conditions.

Antioxidant Protection:

The high vitamin E content in Chirongi Oil provides antioxidant benefits, protecting the body's cells from oxidative stress and potential damage caused by free radicals.

Traditional Medicinal Uses:

Chirongi Oil has been traditionally used in Ayurvedic and herbal medicine practices to address various health concerns. It has been associated with digestive health, improving appetite, and providing relief from coughs and colds.


It is important to note that while Chirongi Oil has potential health benefits, individual results may vary, and it is always advisable to consult a healthcare professional before incorporating any new supplement or oil into your diet or healthcare routine.

Culinary and Traditional Uses:

Chirongi Oil, with its unique flavor profile and nutritional properties, is a prized ingredient in various cuisines and traditional practices. Let's explore its culinary uses, flavor profile, and traditional significance:

Culinary Uses:

Indian Cuisine: Chirongi Oil is widely used in Indian cuisine, especially in the regions where the Buchanania Latifolia tree is native. It is a key ingredient in traditional sweets, such as kheer (rice pudding) and barfi (milk-based sweets). It is also added to savory dishes like biryanis, curries, and chutneys to impart a distinct nutty flavor.

Confectionery: Chirongi Oil is utilized in the preparation of confectioneries, desserts, and baked goods. It adds a delightful crunch and subtle nutty taste to various sweet treats, including cakes, cookies, and halwa (sweet semolina pudding).

Traditional Drinks: In some regions, Chirongi Oil is used to flavor traditional drinks like sharbats (sweet syrup-based beverages) and thandai (a spiced milk-based drink).

Culinary Innovations: Chirongi Oil has also found its way into modern culinary creations, where it is used to enhance the taste and texture of dishes like salads, dressings, and even fusion cuisines.

Flavor Profile:

Chirongi Oil is renowned for its rich, nutty flavor profile. It has a delicate and sweet taste that resembles almonds or cashews. The oil's aroma and taste provide a pleasant contrast and enhance the overall sensory experience of various dishes.

Traditional and Medicinal Significance:


Chirongi Oil has been used in Ayurvedic practices for centuries. In Ayurveda, it is believed to have cooling properties and is used to balance Pitta dosha (one of the three doshas or energies in the body). It is utilized in formulations for digestive ailments, as a rejuvenating oil, and in skincare remedies.

Herbal Medicine:

Chirongi Oil is also valued in traditional herbal medicine for its potential benefits. It is used as a natural remedy for respiratory issues, including coughs and colds. Additionally, it is believed to aid digestion, promote appetite, and support overall well-being.


The cultural and traditional significance of Chirongi Oil in regional cuisines and herbal practices highlights its enduring role in culinary delights and traditional remedies. Its unique flavor, versatility, and potential health benefits have made it an integral part of cultural and culinary heritage.

Commercial Applications:

Chirongi Oil has gained recognition beyond culinary and traditional uses and has found its way into various industries. Let's explore its applications in the cosmetics, skincare, and haircare industry, as well as other industrial uses:

Cosmetics, Skincare, and Haircare Industry:


Chirongi Oil is highly valued in skincare products due to its moisturizing, nourishing, and rejuvenating properties. It is often incorporated into facial creams, lotions, and serums to provide hydration, promote skin elasticity, and combat dryness. The oil's antioxidant content also helps protect the skin from environmental damage.


Chirongi Oil is used in haircare formulations like shampoos, conditioners, and hair oils. It helps condition and nourish the hair, making it appear healthy and lustrous. Chirongi Oil is known to strengthen the hair strands, reduce breakage, and promote overall scalp health.

Soap and Candle Production:


Chirongi Oil is utilized in the production of soaps, including bathing bars and specialty soaps. It contributes to the moisturizing and conditioning properties of the soap, leaving the skin soft and supple.


Chirongi Oil can be incorporated into the production of scented candles. When used as a fragrance oil, it imparts a pleasant nutty aroma, enhancing the sensory experience of the candles.

Aromatherapy and Fragrance Industry:


Chirongi Oil's unique aroma makes it a suitable choice for aromatherapy practices. It can be used in diffusers or massage oils to create a relaxing and soothing environment.


The delightful nutty scent of Chirongi Oil makes it a desirable ingredient in the fragrance industry. It is used in perfumes, colognes, and other scented products to add a distinct note to the overall fragrance composition.


The versatility of Chirongi Oil has allowed it to be incorporated into a range of commercial products, catering to different industries and consumer preferences. Its natural properties and appealing aroma make it a sought-after ingredient in the cosmetics, skincare, haircare, soap, candle, aromatherapy, and fragrance industries.

Safety Considerations:

While Chirongi Oil is generally considered safe for consumption and external use, it is important to be aware of Any allergies, sensitivities, or side effects that may occur or during conditions like pregnancy, breast feeding, taking any other medications etc.


In conclusion, Chirongi Oil derived from Buchanania Latifolia seeds is a valuable and versatile substance with a range of applications and benefits. Throughout this article, we have explored its botanical description, extraction methods, nutritional composition, culinary uses, traditional significance, and commercial applications. Here are the key points to take away:

Chirongi Oil is extracted from the seeds of the Buchanania Latifolia tree, native to certain regions. It is obtained through traditional methods like sun-drying, decortication, and cold pressing, as well as modern techniques such as mechanical crushing and solvent extraction.

The oil possesses a rich nutritional profile, containing essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. It offers potential health benefits such as supporting heart health, enhancing skin and hair care, reducing inflammation, and providing antioxidant protection.

Chirongi Oil finds culinary applications in various cuisines, adding a delightful nutty flavor to sweet and savory dishes. It is also used in the cosmetics, skincare, haircare, soap, candle, aromatherapy, and fragrance industries.

The traditional uses of Chirongi Oil in cultural practices, herbal medicine, and Ayurveda highlight its enduring significance and therapeutic potential.

It is encouraged to further explore and experiment with Chirongi Oil in different contexts, whether in culinary creations, skincare routines, haircare products, or traditional remedies, while keeping in mind individual preferences, usage guidelines, and professional advice.

Chirongi Oil's unique properties, cultural heritage, and potential benefits make it a valuable ingredient worthy of exploration and utilization. Whether you are a culinary enthusiast, skincare aficionado, or seeking natural remedies, consider incorporating Chirongi Oil into your lifestyle and appreciate the wonders it can bring.

Nenel Hair Oil: Experience the Magic of Chirongi Oil for Gorgeous Hair

Unlock the secret to luscious and healthy hair with Nenel Hair Oil, a revolutionary hair care product enriched with the goodness of Chirongi Oil (Buchanania Latifolia). Crafted with a unique formulation, Nenel Hair Oil harnesses the incredible benefits of Chirongi Oil to transform your hair into a crowning glory.

Benefits of Chirongi Oil for Hair:

Chirongi Oil has been revered for centuries for its remarkable properties that promote hair health. It nourishes and strengthens hair strands, revitalizes the scalp, reduces breakage, and enhances the natural luster and shine of your hair. With Chirongi Oil as its star ingredient, Nenel Hair Oil brings these exceptional benefits to your daily hair care routine.

Product Features:

Nenel Hair Oil stands out with its powerful combination of Chirongi Oil and other carefully selected ingredients. Our unique blend includes nourishing oils and herbal extracts that complement the effects of Chirongi Oil, resulting in a comprehensive solution for common hair concerns. This harmonious blend works in synergy to restore and rejuvenate your hair, leaving it beautifully radiant and strong.

Usage Instructions:

To experience the full potential of Nenel Hair Oil, apply a small amount to your palm and massage it gently into your scalp, ensuring even distribution throughout your hair. Leave the oil on for at least an hour to allow the rich nutrients to penetrate deeply. For best results, follow with your regular shampoo and conditioning routine. Incorporate Nenel Hair Oil into your hair care regimen regularly to maintain the health and vitality of your hair.

Customer Testimonials:

Don't just take our word for it – hear from our satisfied customers who have witnessed the transformative effects of Nenel Hair Oil. They have reported significant improvements in hair texture, reduced frizz, enhanced shine, and a noticeable reduction in hair loss. Join the growing community of individuals who have unlocked the secret to healthy and beautiful hair with Nenel Hair Oil.

Safety Precautions:

While Nenel Hair Oil is formulated with natural ingredients, it is important to exercise caution. Avoid contact with the eyes and perform a patch test before the first use to check for any allergic reactions. Keep the product out of reach of children and consult a healthcare professional if you have any specific concerns or sensitivities.

Where to Purchase Nenel Hair Oil:

Experience the magic of Nenel Hair Oil by visiting our official website, where you can conveniently order your bottle of this exceptional hair care product. Additionally, Nenel Hair Oil is available at select retail stores and authorized distributors. Stay updated on our website for any ongoing promotions or discounts to make your purchase even more rewarding.



The information provided here is for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. Always consult a qualified healthcare practitioner for personalized guidance.

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