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Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis): A Medicinal Plant with Promising Health Benefits and Therapeutic Potential

Introduction: Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis), also known as the Devil's Backbone or Hadjod, is a medicinal plant that has been widely used in traditional medicine systems for centuries. With its origins in India, this plant belongs to the Vitaceae family and is characterized by its unique four-angled stem. Hadjod holds significant importance in various cultures due to its potential health benefits and therapeutic properties. Its traditional use can be traced back to ancient Ayurvedic texts, where it is highly regarded for its ability to promote bone health and treat musculoskeletal disorders. Historically, Hadjod has been used as a natural remedy for fractures, bone loss, and joint-related conditions. In Ayurveda, it is classified as a 'Asthisandhaneeya' herb, meaning it has the potential to strengthen bones, promote fracture healing, and improve overall bone health. The plant's name, "Hadjod," is derived from the Hindi word "hadjod,"

Exploring the Health Benefits and Uses of Bavding (Embelia Ribes)


Herb Bavding, also known as Embelia Ribes, is a medicinal plant that has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. It belongs to the family Myrsinaceae and is native to the Indian subcontinent.

In traditional Ayurvedic medicine, Herb Bavding has been used for its various health benefits. It has been traditionally used to treat digestive disorders, respiratory ailments, skin diseases, and parasitic infections. Herb Bavding has also been used as a natural remedy for fever, cough, and cold.

In addition to its traditional use, Herb Bavding has gained attention in modern medicine due to its potent medicinal properties. Scientific studies have shown that Herb Bavding contains a variety of bioactive compounds, including alkaloids, flavonoids, and terpenoids, which are responsible for its medicinal properties.

In the following sections, we will discuss in detail the botanical description, chemical composition, traditional uses, modern research, precautions, and side effects of Herb Bavding.

Other Name

Some of the common names for Herb Bavding (Embelia Ribes):

- False Black Pepper

- Vidanga

- Vaividang

- Embelia Fruit

- Embelia Berry

- Embelia Ribes Berry

- Vidangadi Churna (a traditional Ayurvedic preparation containing Embelia Ribes and other herbs)

These are some of the commonly used names for Herb Bavding in different regions and cultures.

Botanical Description of Herb Bavding:

Physical Characteristics of the Herb Bavding Plant:

Herb Bavding is a woody climbing shrub that grows up to 4 meters in height. The stem is slender, smooth, and greenish-brown in color, with numerous branches. The leaves are simple, alternate, and elliptical in shape, with a pointed tip and a glossy surface. The flowers are small, greenish-yellow in color, and occur in dense clusters. The fruits are round, fleshy, and berry-like, about 6 mm in diameter, and turn black when mature. The seeds are small, black, and have a characteristic bitter taste.

Habitat and Distribution of Herb Bavding:

Herb Bavding is native to the Indian subcontinent, and is found in various parts of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. It is commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions, growing in moist and shady areas, such as forests and river banks. Herb Bavding is a hardy plant that can tolerate a wide range of soil types and climatic conditions. It can also be cultivated commercially in some regions for its medicinal properties.

Chemical Composition of Herb Bavding:

Active Compounds and Their Properties:

Herb Bavding contains various bioactive compounds that contribute to its medicinal properties. Some of the active compounds found in Herb Bavding include:

Embelin: Embelin is the most well-known bioactive compound in Herb Bavding. It has been shown to have a wide range of therapeutic effects, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, and antimicrobial properties.

Quercetin: Quercetin is a flavonoid found in Herb Bavding, which has potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It is also known for its ability to support immune function and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

Tannins: Herb Bavding contains tannins, which are polyphenolic compounds that have astringent properties. Tannins are known to have antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal effects.

Terpenoids: Herb Bavding contains various terpenoids, which are aromatic compounds found in many plants. Terpenoids have been shown to have antimicrobial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Health Benefits of Herb Bavding:

Herb Bavding has been traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat a variety of ailments. Here are some of the potential health benefits of Herb Bavding, supported by scientific research:

Digestive Health: Herb Bavding has been used traditionally to treat digestive disorders such as dyspepsia, indigestion, and constipation. Studies have shown that Herb Bavding has gastroprotective effects and can help to relieve inflammation in the digestive tract.

Antimicrobial Properties: Herb Bavding has been shown to have antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral effects. It has been traditionally used to treat parasitic infections and skin diseases caused by fungi.

Anti-inflammatory and Antioxidant Effects: Herb Bavding has been shown to have potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which can help to protect against chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.

Respiratory Health: Herb Bavding has been traditionally used to treat respiratory ailments such as coughs and bronchitis. Studies have shown that Herb Bavding has bronchodilatory effects and can help to relieve respiratory inflammation.

Modern Research on Herb Bavding:

Recent Scientific Studies on the Medicinal Properties of Herb Bavding:

In recent years, there have been several scientific studies conducted on the medicinal properties of Herb Bavding. Here are some examples:

·        A study found that Embelin, the main bioactive compound in Herb Bavding, had a potent anti-inflammatory effect in rats. The study also showed that Embelin had a protective effect against liver damage caused by inflammation.

·        Another study investigated the antimicrobial properties of Herb Bavding. The study found that a methanol extract of Herb Bavding was effective against a variety of pathogenic bacteria, including E. coli, Salmonella, and Staphylococcus aureus.

·        A study investigated the effects of Herb Bavding on respiratory inflammation in mice. The study found that Herb Bavding had a significant anti-inflammatory effect in the lungs of the mice and could be a potential treatment for respiratory inflammatory disorders.

Possible Future Applications of Herb Bavding in Medicine:

While there is still much to learn about the potential medicinal properties of Herb Bavding, some possible future applications in medicine include:

Anti-cancer effects: Embelin, the main bioactive compound in Herb Bavding, has been shown to have anti-cancer effects in some studies. Further research is needed to fully understand this potential application.

Antidiabetic effects: Some studies have suggested that Herb Bavding may have antidiabetic effects, possibly due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Neuroprotective effects: Some studies have suggested that Herb Bavding may have neuroprotective effects and could be a potential treatment for neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease.

Skin health: Herb Bavding has traditionally been used to treat skin diseases, and some studies have suggested that it may have beneficial effects on the skin, possibly due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

It is important to note that further research is needed to fully understand the potential future applications of Herb Bavding in medicine.


Herb Bavding, also known as Embelia Ribes, is an herb that has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. It has a long history of use in Ayurvedic medicine for various ailments, including gastrointestinal disorders, skin diseases, and respiratory disorders.

The active compounds found in Herb Bavding, particularly Embelin, have been the subject of several scientific studies in recent years. These studies have shown that Herb Bavding has potential anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and neuroprotective effects, among other potential health benefits.

However, it is important to note that Bavding may have some side effects and may interact with certain medications.

If you are interested in using Bavding (Vidanga) as an active ingredient in your health supplements, there are several products available in the market that contain this herb. Some popular options include Gasovit, Pilzac Tablets, Fire-up, Heptoliv plus, Medhozac tablet, Slimzac Syrup, and Slimzac Tablets.

Gasovit is available in two different variants - 170 ml saunf and 450 ml orange. It is primarily used as an antacid to treat digestive issues and promote healthy digestion.

Pilzac Tablets are another product that contains Bavding (Vidanga) and are used to treat piles, a common condition that affects the lower rectum and anus.

Fire-up is an appetizer that contains Bavding (Vidanga) as an active ingredient. It is used to stimulate the appetite and improve digestion.

Heptoliv plus is a liver tonic that is available in three different variants - 200 ml, 450 ml, and 100 ml. It contains Bavding (Vidanga) as one of its active ingredients and is used to support liver function and promote liver health.

Slimzac Syrup and Slimzac Tablets are slimming products that contain Bavding (Vidanga) as an active ingredient. They are designed to help with weight loss and support healthy metabolism.

Check Ayurvedic company in India having these products.

Overall, if you are interested in using Bavding (Vidanga) for its potential health benefits, these products are some popular options to consider. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare practitioner before using any new supplements or herbal remedies.



The information provided here is for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. Always consult a qualified healthcare practitioner for personalized guidance.

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