Skip to main content

Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis): A Medicinal Plant with Promising Health Benefits and Therapeutic Potential

Introduction: Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis), also known as the Devil's Backbone or Hadjod, is a medicinal plant that has been widely used in traditional medicine systems for centuries. With its origins in India, this plant belongs to the Vitaceae family and is characterized by its unique four-angled stem. Hadjod holds significant importance in various cultures due to its potential health benefits and therapeutic properties. Its traditional use can be traced back to ancient Ayurvedic texts, where it is highly regarded for its ability to promote bone health and treat musculoskeletal disorders. Historically, Hadjod has been used as a natural remedy for fractures, bone loss, and joint-related conditions. In Ayurveda, it is classified as a 'Asthisandhaneeya' herb, meaning it has the potential to strengthen bones, promote fracture healing, and improve overall bone health. The plant's name, "Hadjod," is derived from the Hindi word "hadjod,"

Loh Bhasma: Preparation, Properties, Benefits, and Relevance in Ayurvedic Medicine


Loh Bhasma, also known as Lauh Bhasma or Iron Ash, is a traditional Ayurvedic medicine preparation that holds significant importance in Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine. It is derived from iron and is known for its therapeutic properties and wide range of applications in treating various health conditions.

The preparation process of Loh Bhasma involves a meticulous series of steps to purify and transform iron into a fine ash form that can be easily assimilated by the body. The key ingredients used in the preparation of Loh Bhasma include iron, herbal extracts, and specific minerals. These ingredients undergo a process known as Shodhana (purification) and Marana (incineration) to eliminate impurities and enhance their therapeutic potential.

During the preparation, iron is subjected to high temperatures through a controlled heating process known as Puta, where it is repeatedly heated and cooled in the presence of specific herbal and mineral ingredients. This process helps in reducing the iron to its elemental form and enhances its bioavailability.

The resulting ash is then finely powdered and further processed through specific Ayurvedic techniques such as trituration (grinding) with herbal decoctions, followed by calcination at high temperatures. This repeated heating and cooling process, along with the herbal and mineral additives, is believed to enhance the therapeutic properties of Loh Bhasma.

Loh Bhasma is considered a potent Ayurvedic medicine due to its ability to balance the Tridoshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha) and its wide range of therapeutic applications. It is commonly used in the treatment of various disorders such as anemia, liver disorders, digestive issues, menstrual irregularities, and skin problems.

In the following sections, we will explore the historical context of Loh Bhasma, its preparation method, properties and benefits, dosage and administration, scientific research, safety profile, and more.

Historical Context:

Loh Bhasma has a rich historical background deeply rooted in Ayurvedic traditions and practices. Its origins can be traced back to ancient India, where Ayurveda flourished as a holistic system of medicine.

Ayurveda, believed to be over 5,000 years old, has its foundations in ancient texts known as the Vedas. These texts, particularly the Atharva Veda and Charaka Samhita, contain references to the preparation and use of various herbo-mineral formulations, including Loh Bhasma.

Loh Bhasma has been mentioned in Ayurvedic texts as a valuable medicine for treating a wide range of health conditions. The Charaka Samhita, a renowned Ayurvedic treatise attributed to the sage Charaka, describes the preparation of Loh Bhasma and highlights its therapeutic properties. It is also mentioned in other ancient texts like Sushruta Samhita and Rasaratna Samuchchaya.

These texts not only provide instructions for preparing Loh Bhasma but also discuss its medicinal properties and applications. The knowledge and understanding of Loh Bhasma have been passed down through generations of Ayurvedic practitioners, who have continued to refine and expand its usage based on clinical experiences and observations.

The cultural background of Loh Bhasma is closely intertwined with the practice of Ayurveda itself. Ayurveda is deeply rooted in Indian culture and has been an integral part of the country's healthcare system for centuries. Loh Bhasma, along with other Ayurvedic formulations, has been used traditionally by Ayurvedic physicians to address various health concerns.

The traditional preparation of Loh Bhasma has been preserved and passed down through generations of Ayurvedic practitioners, ensuring its continuity as a valuable therapeutic substance in Ayurveda. Today, Ayurvedic clinics, pharmacies, and healthcare centers across India and in other parts of the world continue to utilize Loh Bhasma as an essential component of Ayurvedic treatments.

In the subsequent sections, we will delve deeper into the preparation method of Loh Bhasma, its properties, benefits, dosage, and scientific research supporting its traditional use in Ayurvedic medicine.

Preparation Method:

The preparation of Loh Bhasma involves a meticulous series of steps to purify and transform iron into a fine ash form that can be easily assimilated by the body. Let's explore the specific steps involved:

Selection of Raw Materials:

·        Iron: High-quality iron is selected for the preparation of Loh Bhasma. Iron pieces or filings are commonly used.

·        Herbal Extracts: Specific herbal extracts or decoctions are chosen based on the desired therapeutic properties and intended use of the final product.

·        Minerals: Certain minerals or mineral-rich substances are added to enhance the properties of Loh Bhasma. Commonly used minerals include Triphala (a combination of three fruits), Trikatu (a combination of three spices), and others.

Purification (Shodhana) of Iron:

·        The selected iron pieces or filings undergo a purification process to eliminate impurities. This is typically done by soaking the iron in various herbal decoctions or liquids for a specific duration.

Incineration (Marana) Process:

·        Heating and Calcination: The purified iron is subjected to a heating process known as Puta. Initially, the iron is placed in a vessel or crucible and heated over a controlled flame.

·        Herbal and Mineral Additives: During the heating process, specific herbal extracts and minerals are added to the iron. These additives play a crucial role in the transformation and enhancement of the final product.

·        Repeated Heating and Cooling: The iron is repeatedly heated and cooled in a cyclic manner. This process, known as Puta, is performed several times to ensure the complete transformation of iron into its ash form.

·        Fine Grinding: After the repeated heating and cooling cycles, the resulting ash is collected and finely ground into a powder.

Trituration (Grinding) with Herbal Decoctions:

·        The powdered ash is further processed through trituration, which involves grinding it with specific herbal decoctions or liquids. This step enhances the assimilation and bioavailability of the final product.


·        Final Heating: The powdered mixture is subjected to calcination, a process where it is heated at high temperatures.

·        Cooling and Collection: After calcination, the mixture is allowed to cool down, and the resulting ash is carefully collected.


The entire preparation process of Loh Bhasma requires expertise and adherence to specific guidelines. The heating, cooling, and grinding cycles, along with the inclusion of herbal and mineral additives, are believed to enhance the therapeutic properties and bioavailability of the final product.

It is important to note that the preparation method may vary slightly between different Ayurvedic pharmacies and practitioners, as there may be variations in the specific herbs, minerals, and techniques employed. However, the underlying principles of purification, heating, and calcination remain consistent in the preparation of Loh Bhasma.

Properties and Benefits:

Loh Bhasma is known for its therapeutic properties and has a wide range of medicinal benefits in Ayurvedic medicine. Let's explore some of its key properties and the conditions for which it is commonly used:

Hematinic and Hematogenic:

Loh Bhasma is considered a potent hematinic, meaning it helps in the formation of red blood cells and improves hemoglobin levels. It is often prescribed in cases of anemia, iron deficiency, and blood-related disorders.

Rejuvenative and Rasayana:

Loh Bhasma is believed to have rejuvenating properties and is classified as a Rasayana in Ayurveda. It is known to enhance vitality, improve overall health, and promote longevity.

Digestive Stimulant:

Loh Bhasma is used as a digestive stimulant and is beneficial in addressing digestive issues such as poor appetite, indigestion, and flatulence. It helps in improving digestion and assimilation of nutrients.

Liver Tonic:

It is considered a liver tonic and is used to support liver function, promote detoxification, and enhance liver health. Loh Bhasma is often prescribed in cases of liver disorders and helps in maintaining liver balance.

Anti-inflammatory and Analgesic:

Loh Bhasma possesses anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, which make it useful in managing inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, joint pain, and swelling.


It exhibits immunomodulatory effects, meaning it helps in regulating and strengthening the immune system. Loh Bhasma is used to support immune function and promote overall well-being.

Skin Disorders:

Loh Bhasma is employed in the treatment of various skin disorders. Its properties help in managing skin conditions such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, and dermatitis.

Menstrual Disorders:

It is commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine to address menstrual irregularities and related symptoms like heavy bleeding, painful periods, and hormonal imbalances.

General Weakness and Debility:

Loh Bhasma is prescribed to combat general weakness, fatigue, and debility. It helps in improving energy levels, stamina, and overall physical strength.

Cognitive Function:

It is believed to have a positive impact on cognitive function and memory. Loh Bhasma is used to support mental clarity, concentration, and cognitive performance.

It is important to note that the use of Loh Bhasma should be done under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. The dosage and duration of treatment may vary depending on individual needs and the specific health condition being addressed.

Dosage and Administration:

The recommended dosage and administration of Loh Bhasma can vary depending on various factors such as the individual's age, health condition, and the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner. It is important to consult with a qualified practitioner for personalized dosage instructions. However, here are some general guidelines:

Dosage Forms:

Loh Bhasma is typically available in powder form. It may also be formulated into tablets, capsules, or used in combination with other Ayurvedic medicines.


The usual dosage of Loh Bhasma powder is around 125-250 mg, taken one to two times a day. The dosage may vary based on the specific health condition, severity, and individual factors. The practitioner will determine the appropriate dosage for each case.


Loh Bhasma is traditionally administered with anupana (vehicle) to enhance its effectiveness and absorption. Common anupanas include honey, ghee (clarified butter), warm water, or as directed by the Ayurvedic practitioner. It is generally taken on an empty stomach, preferably before meals, to optimize absorption and assimilation.

Duration of Use:

The duration of Loh Bhasma usage may vary depending on the health condition being addressed. It is advisable to follow the practitioner's guidance regarding the duration of treatment.

Precautions and Contraindications:

While Loh Bhasma is considered safe when used appropriately under professional guidance, there are certain precautions and contraindications to be aware of:

Pregnancy and Lactation:

Loh Bhasma should be used with caution during pregnancy and lactation. It is essential to consult with an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare provider before using it during these periods.

Pediatric Use:

The use of Loh Bhasma in children should be done under the supervision of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. The dosage and administration for children may differ based on their age and health condition.

Allergies and Sensitivities:

Individuals with known allergies or sensitivities to iron or any other ingredients present in Loh Bhasma should avoid its use.

Underlying Medical Conditions:

People with pre-existing medical conditions such as kidney disorders, or any other chronic illness should exercise caution and consult with a healthcare professional before using Loh Bhasma.

Drug Interactions:

Loh Bhasma may interact with certain medications. It is important to inform the Ayurvedic practitioner about any ongoing medications to avoid potential interactions.


It is crucial to follow the advice of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner regarding the appropriate dosage, duration, and administration methods for Loh Bhasma. They will consider individual factors and provide personalized guidance based on the specific health condition and requirements.

Scientific Research:

Research on Loh Bhasma has been limited compared to other areas of medicine. While there is some scientific literature available, it is important to note that much of the evidence comes from preclinical studies and traditional knowledge. Here is a summary of some relevant research findings:

Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Effects:

Studies have demonstrated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of Loh Bhasma. It has been shown to scavenge free radicals, reduce oxidative stress, and inhibit inflammatory markers in various experimental models.

Hematinic and Hematogenic Effects:

Preclinical studies have indicated that Loh Bhasma exhibits hematinic effects by increasing red blood cell count, hemoglobin levels, and improving hematological parameters. It has also shown potential in stimulating erythropoiesis (red blood cell formation).

Immunomodulatory Effects:

Some studies suggest that Loh Bhasma may possess immunomodulatory effects by regulating immune responses and enhancing immune cell function. However, more research is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms and clinical implications.

Anticancer Potential:

Limited preclinical studies have explored the anticancer potential of Loh Bhasma. Some findings indicate its ability to inhibit the growth of cancer cells and induce apoptosis (programmed cell death). However, more extensive research is necessary to validate these findings and determine its clinical significance.

Hepatoprotective Effects:

Loh Bhasma has shown hepatoprotective effects in preclinical studies by reducing liver inflammation, oxidative stress, and improving liver function markers. These findings suggest its potential as a supportive therapy for liver disorders.

Limitations and Controversies:

Lack of Clinical Trials:

One of the major limitations is the scarcity of well-designed clinical trials evaluating the safety and efficacy of Loh Bhasma in humans. Most of the available studies are preclinical or based on traditional knowledge.

Standardization and Quality Control:

The quality and standardization of Loh Bhasma preparations can vary, leading to inconsistency in its composition and potential variations in therapeutic outcomes. There is a need for robust quality control measures to ensure the safety and efficacy of the product.

Toxicity Concerns:

Iron-based preparations like Loh Bhasma may raise concerns regarding iron overload and toxicity if used inappropriately or in high doses. However, traditional preparation methods, which involve rigorous purification and incineration processes, aim to minimize such risks.

Regulatory Status:

The regulatory status of Loh Bhasma varies across countries. In some regions, it may be classified as a dietary supplement or traditional medicine, while in others, it may face restrictions due to the lack of extensive scientific evidence.


It is important to recognize that further well-designed clinical trials and research studies are required to establish the safety, efficacy, and mechanisms of action of Loh Bhasma.


In conclusion, Loh Bhasma holds significance in Ayurvedic medicine as a traditional preparation known for its therapeutic properties. Here are the key points discussed in the article:

1. Preparation: Loh Bhasma is prepared through a meticulous process involving the selection and purification of iron, followed by heating, calcination, and grinding. Specific herbal extracts and minerals are added to enhance its properties.

2. Properties and Benefits: Loh Bhasma exhibits hematinic, hemogenic, rejuvenative, digestive stimulant, liver tonic, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory properties. It is used for conditions such as anemia, digestive issues, liver disorders, skin disorders, menstrual disorders, and general weakness.

3. Safety and Side Effects: Loh Bhasma is generally safe when used appropriately. Potential side effects include gastrointestinal discomfort, constipation, and allergic reactions. Precautions should be taken to avoid iron overload, and interactions with medications should be considered.

In Ayurvedic medicine, Loh Bhasma represents the application of ancient wisdom and knowledge in addressing various health conditions. While more scientific research is needed to further establish its efficacy and safety, its historical use and traditional knowledge highlight its significance. However, it is important to approach its use with caution, under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner, and in conjunction with appropriate quality control measures.

Loh Bhasma, with its unique preparation method and therapeutic properties, continues to hold relevance in Ayurvedic medicine as a potential supportive therapy for various ailments. It represents the rich tradition and holistic approach of Ayurveda in promoting health and well-being.

Ayurvedic Products Containing Loh Bhasma:

Loh Bhasma is a commonly used ingredient in various Ayurvedic formulations. It is incorporated into several products to enhance their therapeutic effects. Here are some examples:

Calcizac-I - Ayurvedic Calcium and Iron Tablets:

Calcizac-I is a formulation that combines the benefits of calcium and iron, making it useful for individuals with deficiencies in these minerals. Loh Bhasma is included to enhance the iron content and improve its absorption.

Rejuvenator Capsule - Ayurvedic Power Capsules:

Rejuvenator Capsule is designed to promote vitality and overall well-being. Loh Bhasma may be included in this formulation for its rejuvenating properties, helping to enhance energy levels and support various bodily functions.

Retake 200 ml - Ayurvedic Multi-Vitamin and Multi-Mineral Syrup:

Retake is a ayurvedic multi-vitamin and multi-mineral syrup that aims to provide essential nutrients to the body. Loh Bhasma may be added to enhance the mineral content, including iron, and support overall health.

Saptras Vati - Ayurvedic Immunity Booster:

Saptras Vati is formulated to boost the immune system and improve resistance against infections. Loh Bhasma's immunomodulatory properties may contribute to its inclusion in this formulation.

Slimzac Syrup and Slimzac Tablets - Ayurvedic Slimming Products:

Slimzac Syrup and Slimzac Tablets are designed to support weight management. Loh Bhasma may be added to these formulations for its potential to improve metabolism and assist in the slimming process.

Feezac - Ayurvedic Calcium and Iron Syrup:

Feezac is a syrup formulated to address calcium and iron deficiencies. Loh Bhasma's presence in this syrup can contribute to its iron content and aid in the body's absorption of these essential minerals.

Dr Relax Capsule - Ayurvedic Pain Relief Capsules:

Dr Relax Capsule is formulated to provide relief from various types of pain. Loh Bhasma's inclusion may be attributed to its potential anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.

Pilzac Tablets - Ayurvedic Piles Tablets:

Pilzac Tablets are formulated to support the management of piles or hemorrhoids. Loh Bhasma's presence in this formulation may be attributed to its potential anti-inflammatory effects.


These products are just a few examples of the various formulations that incorporate Loh Bhasma as an ingredient. It is important to note that the specific composition, dosage, and efficacy of these products may vary. It is recommended to consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional before using any of these products, as they can provide personalized advice based on individual needs and health conditions.



The information provided here is for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. Always consult a qualified healthcare practitioner for personalized guidance.

Send Distribution/Franchise Query


Email *

Message *

Register your business at

Find pharmaceutical, cosmetics, nutraceutical, ayurveda and alternative medicine's distributors, franchise, suppliers query for free.

If you want to take distribution, franchise or associates with any pharmaceutical, cosmetic or ayush company then you can find it here...

Popular posts from this blog

How to promote Ayurvedic Products?

This article will helpful for you to counter your queries related to how to promote ayurvedic products, marketing plan for ayurvedic products, marketing plan for ayurvedic company, digital marketing for ayurvedic products etc. Ayurvedic products business is booming as awareness is increasing among individuals regarding side effects of allopathic medicines. People want to consume chemical free and organic products that don’t harm their health and help them to keep healthy. Ayurvedic products fulfill all criteria whether in FMCG section or in ayurvedic section as these are herbs made products and free from majority of side effects caused by chemical products. Currently ayurvedic products are not only providing good fight in every category of FMCG products but also to modern system of medicines. This creates an opportunity for new comer to set-up Ayurvedic Medicine Business which is increasing competition. To beat competition, we need effective tools for promoting own ayurved

How to calculate Maximum Retail Price (MRP) including PTR/PTS of an Ayurvedic Medicine Company’s Products?

If you own an ayurvedic marketing company or ayurvedic manufacturing company then fixing or calculating maximum retail price (mrp) for your products is a crucial step. In this article, we will discuss about how to fix and calculate MRP for your products. Definition of Maximum Retail Price (MRP): A maximum retail price is a maximum cost that is to pay by consumer for any purchasing any product and/or service. Printing of MRP is compulsory for manufacturer to print at all products/services. Expert’s Opinion about Maximum Retail Price: A best Maximum Retail Price (MRP) should not be as high as it reaches out from buyer range and shouldn’t be as low as it doesn’t fulfil company’s expenses and cost as well as doesn’t categorize it as cheap/low quality product. A MRP is highest amount paid by consumer but a retailer may choose to sell it at lesser prices than MRP. A product/service could be sold out at less than MRP but can’t be sell more than printed Maximum Retail Price. Now come to cal

Labelling and Packing Requirements for Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani Medicines

An Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani madicine should follow rules and regulation for manufacturing and packaging. In this article, we will discuss, what type of matter should be printed at these medicines packaging? There are two types of Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani Medicines: 1. Classical Medicines 2. Patent or proprietary medicines Labelling requirements are same for both types of medicines expect classical medicines are sold with same name as mentioned in authoritative books whereas patent or proprietary medicines are sold with a particular brand name. Labelling Requirements for Indian Market: Every ayurvedic, siddha and unani medicine should be either printed or written in indelible inked lable or container having recommended information on it. There should be conspicuously displayed on the container or package of medicines, a true list of all ingredients with their botanical names and form of ingredients used with quantity of each ingredient. In case of classical