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Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis): A Medicinal Plant with Promising Health Benefits and Therapeutic Potential

Introduction: Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis), also known as the Devil's Backbone or Hadjod, is a medicinal plant that has been widely used in traditional medicine systems for centuries. With its origins in India, this plant belongs to the Vitaceae family and is characterized by its unique four-angled stem. Hadjod holds significant importance in various cultures due to its potential health benefits and therapeutic properties. Its traditional use can be traced back to ancient Ayurvedic texts, where it is highly regarded for its ability to promote bone health and treat musculoskeletal disorders. Historically, Hadjod has been used as a natural remedy for fractures, bone loss, and joint-related conditions. In Ayurveda, it is classified as a 'Asthisandhaneeya' herb, meaning it has the potential to strengthen bones, promote fracture healing, and improve overall bone health. The plant's name, "Hadjod," is derived from the Hindi word "hadjod,"

Unlocking the Power of Mandoor Bhasma: A Comprehensive Guide to Ayurvedic Medicine and Its Therapeutic Benefits


Did you know that there's a remarkable ancient Ayurvedic remedy that has been revered for centuries due to its potent healing properties? Enter Mandoor Bhasma, a unique formulation that has stood the test of time in traditional Indian medicine. Derived from iron oxide, Mandoor Bhasma holds a special place in Ayurveda, the holistic system of medicine originating from India.

In this article, we will delve into the world of Mandoor Bhasma, exploring its historical significance, preparation methods, therapeutic benefits, and precautions. Whether you are an Ayurveda enthusiast or simply curious about alternative healing practices, this article aims to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of Mandoor Bhasma and its role in promoting health and well-being.

Through this exploration, you can expect to learn about the origins of Mandoor Bhasma and its traditional use in Ayurvedic medicine. We will uncover the therapeutic properties and benefits associated with this powerful remedy, shedding light on the ailments it has traditionally been used to address. Furthermore, we will discuss the proper dosage and administration of Mandoor Bhasma, ensuring its safe and effective usage.

So, prepare to embark on a journey through time and tradition as we uncover the secrets of Mandoor Bhasma and its potential to enhance your well-being. Whether you seek natural remedies or are simply intrigued by the wonders of ancient medicine, this article will provide you with valuable insights into the remarkable world of Mandoor Bhasma.

Historical Background:

Mandoor Bhasma has a rich and intriguing historical background, dating back thousands of years to the ancient Ayurvedic texts of India. The origins of Mandoor Bhasma can be traced to the profound wisdom of Ayurveda's early practitioners who recognized the therapeutic potential of iron oxide.

In Ayurveda, Mandoor Bhasma is considered a valuable Rasayana (rejuvenating) substance. It holds a prominent position among the Ayurvedic medicines known as Bhasmas, which are prepared by calcination of metals and minerals. The process of calcination involves subjecting the substance to high heat, followed by a series of purification and preparation steps.

The traditional use of Mandoor Bhasma in Ayurveda is primarily associated with its ability to address various health conditions and promote overall well-being. One of its key applications is in the treatment of Pandu (anemia), a condition characterized by a deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin. Mandoor Bhasma is believed to enhance the production of red blood cells, improve blood circulation, and alleviate symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, and pallor.

Additionally, Mandoor Bhasma is renowned for its effects on the liver. In Ayurveda, the liver is considered a vital organ responsible for digestion, metabolism, and detoxification. Mandoor Bhasma is believed to support liver function, aid in the removal of toxins, and improve digestion. It is often used in the management of liver disorders, including jaundice, hepatitis, and liver enlargement.

Furthermore, Mandoor Bhasma is traditionally utilized for its potential benefits in managing menstrual disorders. It is believed to regulate hormonal imbalances, relieve menstrual pain, and promote a healthy menstrual flow.

Preparation and Ingredients:

The preparation of Mandoor Bhasma involves a meticulous process that requires the selection of high-quality ingredients and adherence to traditional methods. The careful selection and processing of ingredients play a crucial role in ensuring the potency and safety of the final product.

The primary ingredient used in the preparation of Mandoor Bhasma is iron oxide, also known as Mandoor in Sanskrit. Iron oxide is obtained from natural sources, such as iron ores or ferruginous materials, which are rich in iron content. The iron oxide is purified to remove impurities and foreign particles before it undergoes the calcination process.

The process of preparing Mandoor Bhasma typically involves the following steps:


The iron oxide is purified by washing it thoroughly with water or specific herbal decoctions. This step helps eliminate any impurities or contaminants present in the raw material.


The purified iron oxide is subjected to high heat in a controlled environment. Traditionally, this step is performed in a special furnace called a Puta, which allows gradual and controlled calcination. The iron oxide is heated at a specific temperature to convert it into ash or a fine powder.


After incineration, the resulting ash or powder is carefully ground into a fine particle size. This process, known as levigation, helps enhance the potency and assimilation of the final product.

Mixing with Herbs:

In some traditional formulations, the powdered Mandoor Bhasma may be further processed by mixing it with specific herbal powders or decoctions. This step aims to enhance the therapeutic properties and synergistic effects of the final preparation.


The mixture of Mandoor Bhasma and herbs undergoes trituration, a process of grinding and blending the ingredients together. This step ensures uniformity and homogeneity of the final product.


It is important to highlight the significance of using high-quality ingredients and following traditional methods when preparing Mandoor Bhasma. The quality of the iron oxide and other herbs used directly impacts the effectiveness and safety of the final product. Obtaining the raw materials from reputable sources and ensuring their purity is crucial. Similarly, adhering to the traditional methods of preparation, including the use of specialized equipment and precise temperature control, helps maintain the integrity and therapeutic potential of Mandoor Bhasma.

By employing these traditional practices and utilizing high-quality ingredients, the preparation of Mandoor Bhasma aims to create a potent and safe Ayurvedic remedy with the desired therapeutic properties.

The historical use of Mandoor Bhasma in Ayurveda signifies the profound understanding of the human body and its intricate relationship with natural substances. It highlights the holistic approach of Ayurveda, aiming to restore balance and harmony within the body for optimal health and well-being.

As we delve deeper into the article, we will uncover the specific therapeutic properties, preparation methods, and precautions associated with Mandoor Bhasma, providing you with a comprehensive understanding of its role in promoting health and well-being.

Therapeutic Properties and Benefits:

Mandoor Bhasma is known for its diverse therapeutic properties, which contribute to its traditional use in Ayurvedic medicine. Let's explore the key therapeutic properties and benefits associated with Mandoor Bhasma:


Mandoor Bhasma is primarily valued for its hematinic properties, meaning it helps in increasing the production of red blood cells and improving hemoglobin levels. It is traditionally used to address anemia, a condition characterized by low red blood cell count or hemoglobin levels. By promoting red blood cell formation, Mandoor Bhasma can help alleviate symptoms of anemia such as fatigue, weakness, and pale skin.


Mandoor Bhasma is believed to possess hepatoprotective properties, supporting liver health and functioning. It aids in the detoxification process and helps protect the liver from damage caused by toxins, infections, or inflammation. Mandoor Bhasma is traditionally used in the management of liver disorders such as jaundice, hepatitis, and liver enlargement.


The anti-inflammatory properties of Mandoor Bhasma are valued in Ayurveda for their ability to reduce inflammation in the body. It may be beneficial in managing conditions where inflammation plays a role, such as joint pain, arthritis, and certain skin conditions.

Menstrual Health:

Mandoor Bhasma has been traditionally used to support menstrual health and address menstrual disorders. It is believed to regulate hormonal imbalances, promote a healthy menstrual flow, and alleviate menstrual pain or discomfort.


Some studies have explored the therapeutic potential of Mandoor Bhasma and its constituents:


Research suggests that Mandoor Bhasma may help increase hemoglobin levels and improve symptoms of anemia. A study published reported that Mandoor Bhasma exhibited significant hematopoietic (blood-forming) activity in an experimental model.

Liver Health:

Studies have shown the hepatoprotective effects of Mandoor Bhasma and its potential to improve liver function. A study published demonstrated the protective effects of Mandoor Bhasma against liver damage induced by toxins.

Anti-inflammatory Effects:

Although limited, some studies have investigated the anti-inflammatory properties of iron oxide, the primary constituent of Mandoor Bhasma. Iron oxide nanoparticles have shown potential in reducing inflammation in experimental models, but further research is needed to establish their effectiveness in human subjects.


It is important to note that the use of Mandoor Bhasma or any Ayurvedic remedy should be done under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. Individual responses and outcomes may vary, and it is essential to consider factors such as the specific health condition, dosage, and overall health status when utilizing Mandoor Bhasma for therapeutic purposes.

Dosage and Administration:

The dosage of Mandoor Bhasma can vary depending on factors such as age, health condition, and the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner. It is crucial to consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional before initiating the use of Mandoor Bhasma to ensure safe and effective administration. They will consider individual factors and provide personalized recommendations. However, here are some general guidelines:

Dosage Range:

The typical dosage of Mandoor Bhasma can range from 125 mg to 500 mg per day, divided into two or three doses. The exact dosage may vary based on the specific health condition and the practitioner's advice.

Age Considerations:

For adults: The recommended dosage for adults may fall within the range mentioned above. However, it is important to consult with an Ayurvedic practitioner for personalized dosage recommendations.

For children: Mandoor Bhasma is generally not recommended for children without proper guidance from an Ayurvedic practitioner or pediatrician.

Health Conditions:

The dosage of Mandoor Bhasma may be adjusted based on the specific health condition being addressed. For example, in the case of anemia, the dosage may be higher initially and gradually reduced as the condition improves.


Mandoor Bhasma is available in various forms, including capsules, powders, and tablets. The choice of form depends on personal preference and the practitioner's recommendation. Here are some common methods of administration:

Capsules or Tablets:

Mandoor Bhasma capsules or tablets can be taken orally with water. Follow the recommended dosage provided by the practitioner or as indicated on the product packaging.


Mandoor Bhasma powder can be mixed with honey, ghee (clarified butter), or water to form a paste or suspension. It can then be consumed orally.


It is important to note that Ayurvedic medicines are often administered in combination with other herbs or formulations to enhance their effectiveness. The specific combination and dosage will be determined by an Ayurvedic practitioner based on individual needs.

Ayurvedic Proprietary Medicines with Mandoor:

In addition to its traditional use, Mandoor Bhasma is also used as an ingredient in various Ayurvedic medicines and formulations. Two such products are:

Heptoliv Plus Capsules:

Heptoliv Plus capsules are an Ayurvedic liver tonic that incorporates the beneficial properties of Mandoor Bhasma along with other herbs and ingredients. This formulation is specifically designed to support liver health and address liver disorders. The combination of Mandoor Bhasma and other herbs in Heptoliv Plus capsules aims to promote liver detoxification, protect liver cells, and aid in the management of liver-related conditions.

Nenel Hair Oil:

Nenel Hair Oil is an Ayurvedic hair oil formulated to address hair fall and promote healthy hair growth. It contains Mandoor Bhasma along with other Ayurvedic herbs and oils known for their hair-nourishing properties. The inclusion of Mandoor Bhasma in Nenel Hair Oil aims to provide additional benefits such as promoting scalp health, improving blood circulation to the hair follicles, and strengthening the hair strands.

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Safety and Precautions:

While Mandoor Bhasma has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries, it is essential to exercise caution and consider the following safety concerns and precautions:

Consultation with an Ayurvedic Practitioner: It is highly recommended to consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner before using Mandoor Bhasma or any other Ayurvedic remedy. They can assess your specific health condition, medical history, and individual needs to provide appropriate guidance and dosage recommendations.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Pregnant or breastfeeding women should exercise caution when using Mandoor Bhasma. The safety of Mandoor Bhasma during pregnancy and lactation has not been extensively studied, and it is important to consult with a healthcare provider or Ayurvedic practitioner before considering its use during these periods.

Allergies and Sensitivities: Individuals with known allergies or sensitivities to iron oxide or any other ingredients present in Mandoor Bhasma should exercise caution and seek guidance from an Ayurvedic practitioner.


Remember, Ayurvedic treatments, including Mandoor Bhasma, should be used under the guidance and supervision of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. They can help ensure safe and effective use based on your individual needs and circumstances. If you experience any adverse effects or discomfort while using Mandoor Bhasma, discontinue use and consult your healthcare provider or Ayurvedic practitioner immediately.

Research and Modern Perspectives:

Mandoor Bhasma, as a traditional Ayurvedic remedy, has gained some attention in scientific research. While the majority of the evidence is based on traditional knowledge and anecdotal experiences, there have been a few studies conducted on Mandoor Bhasma. It is important to note that further research is needed to establish its efficacy and safety in a modern context. Here are some notable scientific studies and current perspectives:


A study published explored the hematopoietic activity of Mandoor Bhasma in an experimental model of anemia. The study reported that Mandoor Bhasma exhibited significant hematopoietic effects by increasing the levels of red blood cells, hemoglobin, and other related parameters.

Liver Health:

Several studies have investigated the hepatoprotective effects of Mandoor Bhasma and its potential benefits in liver disorders. One study demonstrated the protective effects of Mandoor Bhasma against liver damage induced by toxins. Another study published reported the hepatoprotective effects of Mandoor Bhasma in an experimental model of liver injury.


Recent research has focused on exploring the potential applications of iron oxide nanoparticles, which are similar in composition to Mandoor Bhasma. Studies have investigated their properties, such as their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, as well as their potential in drug delivery systems. However, it is important to note that the properties and effects of nanoparticles may differ from those of traditional Ayurvedic preparations.


It is worth mentioning that while these studies provide some insight into the therapeutic potential of Mandoor Bhasma, they are limited in number and scope. Further research, including clinical trials, is needed to establish its efficacy, safety, and optimal usage in a modern context.

In terms of modern perspectives, there is a growing interest in exploring the potential of traditional Ayurvedic remedies, including Mandoor Bhasma, through scientific research. Researchers are studying the chemical composition, pharmacological activities, and mechanisms of action of Mandoor Bhasma to better understand its therapeutic effects. Ongoing research may provide additional evidence on its efficacy, safety, and potential applications.


In conclusion, Mandoor Bhasma holds historical significance in Ayurvedic medicine and continues to be valued for its therapeutic benefits. Throughout the article, we explored various aspects of Mandoor Bhasma, shedding light on its preparation, therapeutic properties, and traditional uses.

Mandoor Bhasma is prepared through a meticulous process using high-quality ingredients and traditional methods. It is known for its hematinic properties, supporting the production of red blood cells and addressing conditions like anemia. Additionally, Mandoor Bhasma is believed to possess hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties, benefiting liver health and managing conditions associated with inflammation. It is also traditionally used to support menstrual health.

While scientific research on Mandoor Bhasma is limited, some studies have provided insights into its therapeutic potential. However, further research, including clinical trials, is needed to establish its efficacy and safety in a modern context.

Remember, Ayurvedic remedies like Mandoor Bhasma should be used within the context of a comprehensive healthcare approach, and it is essential to communicate openly with healthcare providers about all treatment modalities being pursued.

As research continues, a better understanding of Mandoor Bhasma's efficacy, safety, and potential applications may emerge. However, it is important to approach its usage with caution and under professional guidance.

Embracing the wisdom of Ayurveda while being mindful of scientific advancements can help individuals make informed decisions about their health and well-being.



The information provided here is for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. Always consult a qualified healthcare practitioner for personalized guidance.

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