Skip to main content

Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis): A Medicinal Plant with Promising Health Benefits and Therapeutic Potential

Introduction: Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis), also known as the Devil's Backbone or Hadjod, is a medicinal plant that has been widely used in traditional medicine systems for centuries. With its origins in India, this plant belongs to the Vitaceae family and is characterized by its unique four-angled stem. Hadjod holds significant importance in various cultures due to its potential health benefits and therapeutic properties. Its traditional use can be traced back to ancient Ayurvedic texts, where it is highly regarded for its ability to promote bone health and treat musculoskeletal disorders. Historically, Hadjod has been used as a natural remedy for fractures, bone loss, and joint-related conditions. In Ayurveda, it is classified as a 'Asthisandhaneeya' herb, meaning it has the potential to strengthen bones, promote fracture healing, and improve overall bone health. The plant's name, "Hadjod," is derived from the Hindi word "hadjod,"

Unveiling the Mysteries of Shukti Bhasma: An Ancient Gem of Medicinal Alchemy


In the vast tapestry of traditional medicine, hidden gems from ancient civilizations continue to captivate our imagination and beckon us to delve into their secrets. One such extraordinary substance that has stood the test of time is Shukti Bhasma. With its roots deeply entwined in historical and cultural contexts, Shukti Bhasma has emerged as a revered component in traditional healing practices.

Shukti Bhasma, also known as oyster shell ash, holds an esteemed position in Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine. It is derived from the calcination of carefully selected oyster shells, undergoing a meticulous purification process before transforming into the potent medicinal powder we know today. The alchemical transformation that Shukti Bhasma undergoes holds a mystical allure, embodying centuries of wisdom and belief in its therapeutic properties.

As we embark on this enlightening exploration, we unravel the hidden facets of Shukti Bhasma, deciphering its composition, traditional preparation methods, and understanding its historical and cultural importance. Join us as we delve into the medicinal properties and modern applications of this remarkable substance, shedding light on its enduring legacy in the realm of healing arts.

What is Shukti Bhasma?

Shukti Bhasma, also known as Shukti Pishti, is a unique medicinal preparation derived from the calcination and purification of oyster shells. In Ayurveda, it is classified as a mineral-based Ayurvedic medicine. Shukti Bhasma is widely regarded for its therapeutic properties and has been utilized for centuries in traditional medicine systems.

Composition of Shukti Bhasma:

Shukti Bhasma primarily consists of calcium carbonate, which is the main component of oyster shells. Calcium carbonate is a compound known for its various health benefits, including its role in maintaining bone health, aiding digestion, and supporting the cardiovascular system. In addition to calcium carbonate, Shukti Bhasma may contain traces of other minerals and elements naturally present in oyster shells.

Traditional Preparation Methods and Sources of Shukti:

The preparation of Shukti Bhasma involves a meticulous and standardized process to ensure its quality and efficacy. Oyster shells, the primary source of Shukti, are carefully selected based on quality and purity. Oysters are mollusks found in marine environments, and their shells are the raw material for obtaining Shukti.

Once the oyster shells are obtained, they undergo a series of purification steps to remove impurities and contaminants. Purification usually involves washing the shells thoroughly and subjecting them to heat or boiling. This process helps eliminate any unwanted substances and prepares the shells for the subsequent calcination step.

Calcination, the key process in Shukti Bhasma preparation, involves heating the purified oyster shells to high temperatures. Traditionally, the shells were subjected to controlled heat in a specific type of furnace known as a "puta." This intense heat transforms the shells into ash, which is then further processed to obtain the final Shukti Bhasma powder.

Importance of Purification and Calcination:

The purification and calcination steps in Shukti Bhasma preparation serve crucial purposes. Purification eliminates impurities, toxins, and undesirable substances from the oyster shells, ensuring that the final product is of high quality and safe for consumption. It also enhances the energetic and therapeutic properties of the shells.

Calcination, on the other hand, plays a vital role in transforming the oyster shells into their ash form, thereby altering the physical and chemical composition of the material. This process enhances the bioavailability of the minerals present in the shells, making them more easily assimilated by the body. Calcination is believed to enhance the therapeutic potential of Shukti Bhasma, allowing it to exert its medicinal effects more effectively.

By subjecting the oyster shells to purification and calcination, Shukti Bhasma attains its unique properties and becomes a potent therapeutic substance used in traditional medicine for various health conditions.

Historical Significance:

Shukti Bhasma holds a rich historical background and has been an integral part of traditional medicine systems for centuries. Its usage can be traced back to ancient texts, scriptures, and traditional systems of medicine, where it was highly valued for its therapeutic properties.

References in Ancient Texts and Scriptures:

Ancient Ayurvedic texts, such as Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita, contain references to the preparation and use of Shukti Bhasma. These texts highlight its significance as a prominent mineral-based medicine. Shukti Bhasma is mentioned in the context of treating various health conditions, including digestive disorders, anemia, skin diseases, and respiratory ailments.

In Ayurveda, Shukti Bhasma is classified as a "muktashukti" or pearl powder, highlighting its association with pearls and their healing properties. The use of Shukti Bhasma is often mentioned in formulations and remedies for specific ailments, emphasizing its therapeutic potential and efficacy.

Historical Figures and Civilizations:

Throughout history, several historical figures and civilizations have recognized the properties and benefits of Shukti Bhasma. Ancient Indian physicians and scholars, such as Charaka and Sushruta, extensively used Shukti Bhasma in their medical practices.

The historical significance of Shukti Bhasma extends beyond India. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), oyster shell preparations have been used for centuries, and their applications bear similarities to Shukti Bhasma. Chinese medical texts, such as the Ben Cao Gang Mu (Compendium of Materia Medica), describe the use of oyster shell-based medicines for conditions like palpitations, dizziness, and anxiety.

In addition to India and China, Shukti Bhasma also found its way into the traditional medicine systems of other ancient civilizations. For example, it was employed in Unani medicine, a system prevalent in the Middle East and Persia, where it was known as Marwarid Pishti or Marwareed Bhasma.

Medicinal Properties and Benefits:

Shukti Bhasma is associated with several medicinal properties, which contribute to its therapeutic uses in traditional medicine systems. While it is important to note that scientific research on Shukti Bhasma is limited, its traditional use highlights potential benefits. Here are some medicinal properties attributed to Shukti Bhasma:

Cooling and Pitta Balancing:

Shukti Bhasma is believed to possess cooling properties and the ability to balance the Pitta dosha (one of the three doshas in Ayurveda associated with heat). It is often used to alleviate symptoms related to excess heat, such as heartburn, acid reflux, and skin conditions associated with inflammation.

Digestive Support:

Traditional use suggests that Shukti Bhasma may help improve digestion and address digestive disorders. It is believed to promote the secretion of digestive enzymes, enhance appetite, and relieve symptoms such as indigestion, bloating, and acidity.

Hematinic and Nutritive:

Shukti Bhasma is regarded as a hematinic, meaning it may help improve hemoglobin levels and support the production of healthy red blood cells. It is often used in Ayurvedic formulations for conditions like anemia and weakness.

Rejuvenating and Anti-aging:

Shukti Bhasma is associated with rejuvenating properties and is believed to promote vitality and slow down the aging process. It is often used in Ayurvedic formulations5 to support overall well-being and enhance longevity.

Therapeutic Uses in Traditional Medicine:

Shukti Bhasma has been traditionally used in various therapeutic applications. Some of the common uses include:

Gastric Disorders:

Shukti Bhasma is used to alleviate symptoms of hyperacidity, heartburn, and acid reflux. It is believed to help balance stomach acid levels and promote healthy digestion.

Anemia and Weakness:

Due to its potential hematinic properties, Shukti Bhasma is employed in traditional medicine for addressing anemia, weakness, and fatigue.

Skin Conditions:

Traditional practitioners use Shukti Bhasma in formulations for various skin conditions, including acne, rashes, and inflammation. Its cooling properties are believed to help soothe and heal the skin.

Menstrual Disorders:

Shukti Bhasma is sometimes used in traditional formulations to address menstrual irregularities and discomfort. It is believed to help regulate menstrual flow and alleviate symptoms like pain and cramps.

Scientific Research and Studies:

While scientific research on Shukti Bhasma is limited, some studies have explored the medicinal properties of oyster shells, which are the primary component of Shukti Bhasma. These studies suggest potential benefits in areas such as bone health, antacid activity, and antioxidant effects. However, more research is needed specifically on Shukti Bhasma to validate its traditional uses and understand its mechanisms of action.

Modern Applications:

Shukti Bhasma continues to be utilized in certain modern medicine and alternative therapy practices, although its use may vary depending on cultural traditions and individual preferences. Some modern applications of Shukti Bhasma include:

Ayurvedic Medicine:

Shukti Bhasma remains an integral part of Ayurvedic medicine, where it is used in various formulations and preparations to address specific health conditions. Ayurvedic practitioners may recommend Shukti Bhasma as part of a holistic treatment approach for ailments such as acidity, anemia, and skin disorders.

Nutritional Supplements:

Shukti Bhasma is sometimes included in dietary supplements for its potential calcium content and perceived benefits for bone health and overall well-being. These supplements are marketed to provide essential nutrients and promote vitality.

Integrative Medicine:

In the realm of integrative medicine, which combines conventional and complementary approaches, Shukti Bhasma may be incorporated as a part of a comprehensive treatment plan. Practitioners may recommend it alongside other therapies for managing specific conditions or promoting general health.

Ayurvedic Proprietary Product that contains Shukti Bhasma as an Ingredient:

As an example of a product that harnesses the potential of Shukti Bhasma, we can look at Elcid Capsule, an Ayurvedic formulation specifically designed to address acidity and gas-related issues. Elcid Capsule combines the traditional wisdom of Ayurveda with the inclusion of Shukti Bhasma as one of its key ingredients.

Elcid Capsule is a product formulated by Elzac Herbals with the aim of providing natural relief from symptoms such as hyperacidity, heartburn, and indigestion. It draws upon the cooling and Pitta-balancing properties associated with Shukti Bhasma to help restore balance in the digestive system.

By including Shukti Bhasma, Elcid Capsule aims to harness the potential of this traditional ingredient in providing relief from gastric disorders.

Elcid Capsule serves as an example of how Shukti Bhasma is being utilized in modern Ayurvedic formulations, catering to individuals seeking natural alternatives for addressing acidity and gas-related issues.

Safety and Precautions:

While Shukti Bhasma has been used for centuries in traditional medicine, it is important to exercise caution and consider certain safety precautions. Here are some points to keep in mind:

Allergies and Sensitivities: Individuals with known allergies or sensitivities to shellfish or calcium carbonate should exercise caution when considering the use of Shukti Bhasma. If you have a history of such allergies, it is advisable to avoid using Shukti Bhasma or seek guidance from a healthcare professional.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Pregnant and breastfeeding women should exercise caution and consult a healthcare professional before using Shukti Bhasma. Safety considerations in these situations are essential to ensure the well-being of both the mother and the baby.

Remember, the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional is crucial to ensure the safe and appropriate use of Shukti Bhasma or any other herbal remedy. They can provide personalized advice based on your specific health needs and help monitor your progress to ensure optimal results and minimize potential risks.


Shukti Bhasma, a preparation derived from oyster shells, holds significant importance in both traditional and modern medicine. Throughout history, it has been recognized for its therapeutic properties and has found applications in various traditional medicine systems, including Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Unani medicine. References to Shukti Bhasma can be found in ancient texts, highlighting its historical significance.

Medicinally, Shukti Bhasma is attributed with cooling and Pitta balancing properties, digestive support, hematinic effects, and rejuvenating qualities. It has been traditionally used to address conditions such as gastric disorders, anemia, skin conditions, and menstrual disorders. However, it is essential to note that scientific research specific to Shukti Bhasma is limited, and further studies are needed to validate its traditional uses and mechanisms of action.

In modern medicine and alternative therapies, Shukti Bhasma continues to be employed in Ayurvedic practices, as well as in nutritional supplements and integrative medicine approaches.

In conclusion, Shukti Bhasma holds a rich historical background and continues to be valued in traditional and modern medicine. While its traditional uses are well-documented, scientific research specific to Shukti Bhasma is limited. Nonetheless, its significance in traditional medicine systems and ongoing research highlight its potential benefits. When used under professional guidance, Shukti Bhasma may offer a valuable contribution to health and well-being.



The information provided here is for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. Always consult a qualified healthcare practitioner for personalized guidance.

Send Distribution/Franchise Query


Email *

Message *

Register your business at

Find pharmaceutical, cosmetics, nutraceutical, ayurveda and alternative medicine's distributors, franchise, suppliers query for free.

If you want to take distribution, franchise or associates with any pharmaceutical, cosmetic or ayush company then you can find it here...

Popular posts from this blog

How to promote Ayurvedic Products?

This article will helpful for you to counter your queries related to how to promote ayurvedic products, marketing plan for ayurvedic products, marketing plan for ayurvedic company, digital marketing for ayurvedic products etc. Ayurvedic products business is booming as awareness is increasing among individuals regarding side effects of allopathic medicines. People want to consume chemical free and organic products that don’t harm their health and help them to keep healthy. Ayurvedic products fulfill all criteria whether in FMCG section or in ayurvedic section as these are herbs made products and free from majority of side effects caused by chemical products. Currently ayurvedic products are not only providing good fight in every category of FMCG products but also to modern system of medicines. This creates an opportunity for new comer to set-up Ayurvedic Medicine Business which is increasing competition. To beat competition, we need effective tools for promoting own ayurved

How to calculate Maximum Retail Price (MRP) including PTR/PTS of an Ayurvedic Medicine Company’s Products?

If you own an ayurvedic marketing company or ayurvedic manufacturing company then fixing or calculating maximum retail price (mrp) for your products is a crucial step. In this article, we will discuss about how to fix and calculate MRP for your products. Definition of Maximum Retail Price (MRP): A maximum retail price is a maximum cost that is to pay by consumer for any purchasing any product and/or service. Printing of MRP is compulsory for manufacturer to print at all products/services. Expert’s Opinion about Maximum Retail Price: A best Maximum Retail Price (MRP) should not be as high as it reaches out from buyer range and shouldn’t be as low as it doesn’t fulfil company’s expenses and cost as well as doesn’t categorize it as cheap/low quality product. A MRP is highest amount paid by consumer but a retailer may choose to sell it at lesser prices than MRP. A product/service could be sold out at less than MRP but can’t be sell more than printed Maximum Retail Price. Now come to cal

Labelling and Packing Requirements for Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani Medicines

An Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani madicine should follow rules and regulation for manufacturing and packaging. In this article, we will discuss, what type of matter should be printed at these medicines packaging? There are two types of Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani Medicines: 1. Classical Medicines 2. Patent or proprietary medicines Labelling requirements are same for both types of medicines expect classical medicines are sold with same name as mentioned in authoritative books whereas patent or proprietary medicines are sold with a particular brand name. Labelling Requirements for Indian Market: Every ayurvedic, siddha and unani medicine should be either printed or written in indelible inked lable or container having recommended information on it. There should be conspicuously displayed on the container or package of medicines, a true list of all ingredients with their botanical names and form of ingredients used with quantity of each ingredient. In case of classical