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Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis): A Medicinal Plant with Promising Health Benefits and Therapeutic Potential

Introduction: Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis), also known as the Devil's Backbone or Hadjod, is a medicinal plant that has been widely used in traditional medicine systems for centuries. With its origins in India, this plant belongs to the Vitaceae family and is characterized by its unique four-angled stem. Hadjod holds significant importance in various cultures due to its potential health benefits and therapeutic properties. Its traditional use can be traced back to ancient Ayurvedic texts, where it is highly regarded for its ability to promote bone health and treat musculoskeletal disorders. Historically, Hadjod has been used as a natural remedy for fractures, bone loss, and joint-related conditions. In Ayurveda, it is classified as a 'Asthisandhaneeya' herb, meaning it has the potential to strengthen bones, promote fracture healing, and improve overall bone health. The plant's name, "Hadjod," is derived from the Hindi word "hadjod,"

Swet Parpati: Unveiling the Ayurvedic Diuretic - Exploring the Benefits of Kidney Stone Management


Swet Parpati is a renowned Ayurvedic traditional medicine with a long history of use in Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine. It is known for its therapeutic properties and is prepared using specific ingredients. The primary constituents of Swet Parpati include Kalmi Sora (Potassium Nitrate), Pitkari (alum), and Nosadar (ammonium chloride). These ingredients are carefully selected and processed to create this unique medicinal formulation.

In Ayurveda, Swet Parpati is highly regarded for its potential health benefits and has been used for centuries to address various ailments. It is considered to possess diuretic properties, aids in increasing sweating, and is believed to have vatanulomak (balancing Vata dosha) effects. The combination of Kalmi Sora, Pitkari, and Nosadar contributes to the therapeutic properties of Swet Parpati.

Kalmi Sora, also known as Potassium Nitrate, is a crystalline salt that has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for its diuretic and cooling properties. Pitkari, commonly referred to as alum, is a natural mineral known for its astringent and antiseptic qualities. Nosadar, or ammonium chloride, is a compound that is believed to have expectorant and diuretic effects.

The careful selection and combination of these ingredients in Swet Parpati make it a valuable therapeutic formulation in Ayurveda. It is important to note that Ayurvedic medicines are traditionally prepared and used under the guidance of qualified practitioners to ensure their safe and effective use.

In the following sections, we will delve into the preparation, dosage, and therapeutic uses of Swet Parpati, shedding light on its potential benefits in promoting wellness and addressing specific health conditions.

Preparation of Swet Parpati

Swet Parpati is prepared using a traditional method that emphasizes the use of quality ingredients and adheres to proper manufacturing techniques. The process involves careful selection, purification, and processing of the ingredients to ensure the desired therapeutic properties of the final product. Here is an overview of the traditional method of preparing Swet Parpati:

Selection of Ingredients:

The first step in the preparation of Swet Parpati is the careful selection of high-quality ingredients. The Kalmi Sora (Potassium Nitrate), Pitkari (alum), and Nosadar (ammonium chloride) used should meet strict quality standards. These ingredients should be sourced from reliable and reputable suppliers to ensure their purity and efficacy.


Once the ingredients are selected, they undergo a purification process. This involves removing any impurities or unwanted substances that may be present. Purification methods may include washing, soaking, or treating the ingredients using specific herbal decoctions or other purification techniques as per the Ayurvedic tradition.

Grinding and Mixing:

After purification, the ingredients are finely ground separately to obtain a fine powder consistency. Each ingredient is ground individually to maintain their distinct properties. Once the ingredients are ground, they are mixed in specific proportions as per the traditional recipe.



The mixture of the powdered ingredients is then subjected to incineration. This process involves controlled heating or burning of the mixture in a specific manner, usually using traditional Ayurvedic methods. The purpose of incineration is to enhance the therapeutic properties of the ingredients and to eliminate any unwanted substances or impurities.

Cooling and Solidification:

After incineration, the mixture is allowed to cool down. As it cools, the mixture solidifies into a fine, crystalline form. This solidified form is known as Swet Parpati.

Packaging and Storage:

The final step is to carefully package the prepared Swet Parpati in suitable containers that protect it from moisture and other external factors. Proper labeling is essential to provide information about the ingredients, dosage, and usage instructions. Swet Parpati should be stored in a cool and dry place to maintain its potency and effectiveness.


It is important to note that the preparation of Swet Parpati requires expertise and knowledge of traditional Ayurvedic techniques. Proper manufacturing techniques and quality control measures are crucial to ensure the purity, safety, and efficacy of the final product. It is recommended to obtain Swet Parpati from reputable Ayurvedic manufacturers or under the guidance of qualified Ayurvedic practitioners to ensure the use of authentic and properly prepared formulations.

Dosage and Administration

The recommended dosage of Swet Parpati is generally advised to be 5 to 10 rati. In Sanskrit, 1 rati is equivalent to approximately 0.1215 grams. Therefore, 5 rati would be approximately 0.6075 grams and 10 rati would be approximately 1.215 grams.

It is important to note that the dosage may vary depending on the specific condition being treated, the individual's age, overall health, and the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner. It is always recommended to consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner to determine the appropriate dosage for your specific needs.

Swet Parpati is traditionally consumed with certain liquids to facilitate its administration. The suitable liquids for consumption include cool water or coconut water. These liquids are preferred due to their cooling and hydrating properties, which complement the therapeutic effects of Swet Parpati.

It is worth noting that the dosage and administration of Ayurvedic medicines should be done under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. They can consider your specific health condition, dosha imbalance, and other factors to provide personalized recommendations for the dosage and administration of Swet Parpati.

Medicinal Properties

Swet Parpati possesses several medicinal properties that contribute to its therapeutic effects. Let's explore its diuretic properties, its ability to promote sweating, and its vatanulomak properties:


Diuretic Properties:

Swet Parpati is known for its diuretic properties, which means it promotes the production and elimination of urine. This diuretic effect helps in flushing out toxins, excess fluids, and waste products from the body. By increasing urine output, Swet Parpati supports the healthy functioning of the urinary system and may help in managing conditions such as edema (fluid retention), renal calculi (kidney stones), and urinary tract infections.

Promotion of Sweating:

Swet Parpati is also recognized for its ability to promote sweating, a process known as diaphoresis. Sweating is a natural mechanism through which the body eliminates toxins and maintains its temperature balance. By inducing sweating, Swet Parpati helps in opening up the sweat glands and encourages the release of toxins through the skin. This property is particularly beneficial in conditions where the body needs to eliminate excess heat, toxins, or metabolic waste products. Sweating can also provide relief in certain fever conditions.

Vatanulomak Properties:

Swet Parpati is believed to possess vatanulomak properties, which means it helps in balancing the Vata dosha in the body according to Ayurvedic principles. Vata is one of the three doshas (bioenergetic forces) in Ayurveda and is associated with movement, nervous system function, and bodily processes. When Vata dosha is imbalanced, it can lead to various health issues. Swet Parpati's vatanulomak properties help to pacify and balance Vata dosha, promoting overall well-being.

By balancing Vata dosha, Swet Parpati may support the proper functioning of the nervous system, improve digestion, alleviate symptoms associated with Vata-related disorders (such as gas, bloating, constipation), and enhance mental clarity. It is important to note that maintaining the balance of the doshas is a fundamental principle in Ayurveda, as an imbalance is considered a root cause of many health imbalances.


Overall, Swet Parpati's diuretic properties, ability to promote sweating, and vatanulomak properties contribute to its potential therapeutic benefits in addressing various health conditions, promoting detoxification, and supporting the balance of Vata dosha.

Therapeutic Uses

Swet Parpati has been traditionally used in Ayurveda for its therapeutic benefits in managing various health conditions. Here are some of the health conditions for which Swet Parpati is commonly used:


Swet Parpati is believed to have properties that help in managing hyperacidity. It can help balance excessive acid production in the stomach, reduce symptoms like heartburn, acidity, and indigestion, and provide relief from associated discomfort.

Renal Colic:

Swet Parpati is often employed in the treatment of renal colic, which refers to severe pain caused by the presence of kidney stones or renal calculi. Its diuretic properties support the elimination of stones and may help in reducing the intensity of pain and discomfort associated with renal colic.

Reduced Urine Production:

Swet Parpati's diuretic effect stimulates urine production, which can be beneficial in cases of reduced urine output. It helps in flushing out toxins, waste products, and excess fluids from the body, thereby aiding in the normal functioning of the urinary system.

Abdominal Pain:

Swet Parpati is known for its analgesic and antispasmodic properties, which can help alleviate abdominal pain. It may provide relief from conditions such as abdominal cramps, colic, and spasms by relaxing the smooth muscles in the abdomen.


Swet Parpati's digestive properties make it useful in managing indigestion. It can help improve digestion, reduce bloating, relieve gas, and promote the overall digestive process. Its vatanulomak properties may help regulate digestive functions and restore balance in cases of indigestion.

Renal Calculi or Kidney Stones:

Swet Parpati is traditionally employed in the treatment of renal calculi or kidney stones. Its diuretic effect aids in flushing out the stones through increased urine production. Additionally, it may help reduce the severity of pain associated with kidney stones and support the overall health of the urinary system.


It's important to note that Swet Parpati should be used under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner, who can determine the appropriate dosage and duration of treatment based on individual needs and specific health conditions.

Elbas Syrup: An Ayurvedic Alkaliser with Swet Parpati


Elbas Syrup is an Ayurvedic herbal formulation that incorporates Swet Parpati as one of its key ingredients. This unique blend of Ayurvedic herbs and minerals is specifically formulated to provide alkalizing effects, making it a useful remedy in the management of kidney stones.

Therapeutic Benefits:

Elbas Syrup, with its key ingredient Swet Parpati, offers several therapeutic benefits in the management of kidney stones:

Alkalizing Effect: The alkalizing properties of Elbas Syrup help to maintain a favorable pH balance in the urine. By increasing the urine's alkalinity, it helps prevent the formation of certain types of kidney stones, such as uric acid and cystine stones.

Diuretic Action: Swet Parpati, along with other herbal ingredients in Elbas Syrup, acts as a diuretic, promoting increased urine production. This diuretic effect aids in flushing out toxins, waste products, and dissolved minerals from the kidneys, reducing the risk of stone formation.

Stone-Dissolving Properties: Swet Parpati is known for its stone-dissolving properties, which can help in the fragmentation and dissolution of kidney stones. When combined with other herbs in Elbas Syrup, it may assist in breaking down the stones into smaller fragments, facilitating their elimination from the body.

Usage and Dosage:

The dosage of Elbas Syrup may vary based on the individual's condition and the recommendation of an Ayurvedic practitioner. It is typically advised to take 10 to 15 ml of Elbas Syrup mixed with an equal amount of water, twice a day after meals. However, it is important to consult with an Ayurvedic practitioner to determine the appropriate dosage and duration of treatment for your specific needs.

Safety and Precautions

While Swet Parpati is considered a generally safe Ayurvedic medicine, it is important to exercise caution and follow certain precautions. Here are some known contraindications and precautions associated with the use of Swet Parpati:

Pregnancy and Lactation: The use of Swet Parpati during pregnancy and lactation should be avoided unless specifically recommended by an experienced Ayurvedic practitioner. Some Ayurvedic medicines may have specific effects on pregnancy and breastfeeding, so it is important to seek professional guidance in such situations.

Allergies and Sensitivities: It is essential to check for any known allergies or sensitivities to the ingredients present in Swet Parpati. If you have a known allergy to any of the ingredients, it is best to avoid the use of Swet Parpati and explore alternative treatment options.


Swet Parpati is an Ayurvedic traditional medicine with a range of therapeutic uses. It is prepared using quality ingredients such as Kalmi Sora (Potassium Nitrate), Pitkari (alum), and Nosadar (ammonium chloride). The traditional preparation method involves selecting and purifying the ingredients, grinding and mixing them, followed by incineration and solidification.

The medicinal properties of Swet Parpati include diuretic effects, promotion of sweating, and vatanulomak properties that help balance Vata dosha. It is used in the management of various health conditions, including hyperacidity, renal colic, reduced urine production, abdominal pain, indigestion, and renal calculi or kidney stones.

By seeking Ayurvedic guidance, individuals can experience the potential therapeutic benefits of Swet Parpati in a holistic and balanced manner, supporting their overall health and well-being.



The information provided here is for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. Always consult a qualified healthcare practitioner for personalized guidance.

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