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Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis): A Medicinal Plant with Promising Health Benefits and Therapeutic Potential

Introduction: Asthisamharaka (Vitis quadrangularis), also known as the Devil's Backbone or Hadjod, is a medicinal plant that has been widely used in traditional medicine systems for centuries. With its origins in India, this plant belongs to the Vitaceae family and is characterized by its unique four-angled stem. Hadjod holds significant importance in various cultures due to its potential health benefits and therapeutic properties. Its traditional use can be traced back to ancient Ayurvedic texts, where it is highly regarded for its ability to promote bone health and treat musculoskeletal disorders. Historically, Hadjod has been used as a natural remedy for fractures, bone loss, and joint-related conditions. In Ayurveda, it is classified as a 'Asthisandhaneeya' herb, meaning it has the potential to strengthen bones, promote fracture healing, and improve overall bone health. The plant's name, "Hadjod," is derived from the Hindi word "hadjod,"

Unlocking the Potential: Tamar Bhasma in Ayurvedic Health and Wellness

Imagine a medicinal preparation that harnesses the power of copper, an element revered for its healing properties since ancient times.


Tamar Bhasma, derived from Tamra (copper), is a remarkable medicinal preparation with a rich history rooted in the ancient healing system of Ayurveda. For centuries, Ayurvedic practitioners have valued the therapeutic potential of Tamar Bhasma and its ability to promote wellness and balance in the body. This unique formulation holds a special place in Ayurveda, offering a holistic approach to health and well-being. Let us delve into the origin, preparation, and significance of Tamar Bhasma, unlocking the secrets of this age-old remedy.

Historical Background:

Tamar Bhasma has a rich historical lineage that can be traced back to the ancient roots of Ayurvedic practices. Ayurveda, the traditional Indian system of medicine, dates back thousands of years and is believed to have been passed down from the divine beings to sages and physicians.

In Ayurvedic texts, the preparation of Tamar Bhasma is mentioned as one of the vital therapeutic methods. The knowledge and wisdom surrounding Tamar Bhasma have been meticulously documented in texts such as Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, and Rasaratna Samuccaya, among others. These texts elucidate the precise procedures and techniques for preparing Tamar Bhasma, highlighting the importance of precise measurements, purification methods, and specialized processes.

The traditional wisdom associated with Tamar Bhasma extends beyond its preparation techniques. It encompasses a holistic understanding of the properties of copper and its therapeutic benefits when transformed into a potent medicinal form. Ayurvedic scholars recognized the ability of Tamar Bhasma to balance the doshas (energetic forces) within the body, specifically targeting Pitta dosha, which governs metabolism, digestion, and transformation.

Moreover, the historical context of Tamar Bhasma reflects the reverence for metals as healing agents in ancient civilizations. Copper, in particular, was considered sacred and possessed remarkable medicinal properties. The ancient sages believed that through the meticulous preparation of Tamar Bhasma, the inherent toxicity of copper could be eliminated, and its beneficial properties could be enhanced.

This historical background underscores the significance of Tamar Bhasma in Ayurvedic practices, showcasing the accumulated knowledge, experience, and trust in this traditional remedy. It serves as a testament to the enduring wisdom of Ayurveda and its continuous integration into modern healthcare practices.

Preparation and Manufacturing:

The process of preparing Tamar Bhasma involves several crucial steps, starting from the selection of high-quality copper and culminating in the transformation of copper into a potent medicinal form. Adherence to specific guidelines and safety measures is of utmost importance throughout the preparation process to ensure the quality and efficacy of the final product.


Selection of high-quality copper:

The first step involves the careful selection of high-quality copper, preferably purified and free from impurities. Copper is chosen based on specific characteristics, such as its origin, purity, and compatibility with Ayurvedic principles.

Purification methods:

To eliminate any impurities or toxins, the copper is subjected to purification techniques. One such method involves soaking the copper in a combination of herbal decoctions or juices for a specific duration. This process is believed to remove impurities and enhance the therapeutic properties of copper.


After purification, the copper is subjected to a calcination process. Traditionally, the purified copper is heated in a controlled environment using specific herbal powders or plant materials. The repeated heating and cooling cycles help transform the copper into ash or oxide form, known as Bhasma. This process is crucial for reducing the toxicity and enhancing the bioavailability of copper.


The calcined copper is then finely ground and mixed with specific herbal extracts or juices to form a paste. This process, known as levigation, facilitates the thorough mixing and absorption of herbal components into the copper particles.


The prepared paste is then subjected to controlled incineration. The paste is placed in a specialized vessel, traditionally made of clay, and heated at high temperatures in a specific manner. This process allows for further purification and transformation of the copper paste into a fine powder.

Sieving and micronization:

The incinerated copper powder is sieved to obtain a uniform particle size. It is then micronized, ensuring the powder's fineness and facilitating its assimilation and absorption within the body.


Adherence to specific guidelines and safety measures is crucial during the preparation of Tamar Bhasma. Ayurvedic texts provide detailed instructions and protocols that should be followed to maintain the quality and safety of the final product. It is important to use high-quality ingredients, employ appropriate purification methods, and ensure precise temperature control during the heating processes.

Furthermore, the preparation should be carried out by experienced Ayurvedic practitioners or trained individuals who possess a deep understanding of the techniques and principals involved. Stringent quality control measures, including regular testing for heavy metals and microbial contaminants, should be implemented to ensure the safety and purity of Tamar Bhasma.

By adhering to these guidelines and safety measures, the preparation of Tamar Bhasma can yield a high-quality and effective medicinal product.

Medicinal Properties and Benefits:

Tamar Bhasma, as described in Ayurvedic texts, is believed to possess various therapeutic properties and offers a range of potential health benefits. While scientific research on Tamar Bhasma is limited, traditional knowledge and anecdotal evidence have highlighted its use in treating specific ailments or conditions. Here are some of the commonly mentioned properties and potential benefits:

Pitta balancing:

Tamar Bhasma is considered to have a cooling effect on the body, making it particularly beneficial for balancing the Pitta dosha. It is believed to regulate excessive heat, improve digestion, and support liver function.

Digestive support:

Ayurvedic texts suggest that Tamar Bhasma can aid in improving digestion and reducing digestive disturbances. It is believed to stimulate digestive fire (agni), promoting optimal metabolism and assimilation of nutrients.

Respiratory health:

Tamar Bhasma is traditionally used to support respiratory health. It may help alleviate symptoms associated with respiratory conditions, such as cough, asthma, and bronchitis.

Cardiac support:

Ayurvedic practitioners consider Tamar Bhasma to be beneficial for heart health. It is believed to strengthen the heart muscles, improve circulation, and support overall cardiovascular function.

Anti-inflammatory properties:

Tamar Bhasma is believed to possess anti-inflammatory properties, which may contribute to its potential benefits in managing inflammatory conditions such as arthritis.

Antioxidant activity:

Copper, the primary component of Tamar Bhasma, exhibits antioxidant properties. This may contribute to its potential role in reducing oxidative stress and combating free radicals in the body.


While scientific studies specifically on Tamar Bhasma are limited, research on copper and Ayurvedic formulations containing copper can provide some insights. For example, studies have shown that copper possesses antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. These properties align with the potential benefits attributed to Tamar Bhasma in Ayurvedic texts.

However, it is important to note that further research is needed to establish the specific therapeutic effects of Tamar Bhasma and its optimal usage. Consulting with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional is advisable before using Tamar Bhasma for any specific condition.

Dosage and Administration:

The recommended dosage of Tamar Bhasma may vary depending on factors such as age, specific health condition, and the guidance of an experienced Ayurvedic practitioner. It is essential to consult with a qualified practitioner before determining the appropriate dosage for individual needs. The following information provides a general understanding of dosage guidelines and administration methods:

Dosage for Adults:

·        Generally, the recommended dosage of Tamar Bhasma for adults ranges from 125 mg to 250 mg per day.

·        It is typically divided into two doses, to be taken after meals.

·        The dosage may be adjusted based on the individual's health condition and response.


Dosage for Children:

·        Tamar Bhasma should only be administered to children under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner.

·        The dosage for children is typically lower than that for adults and is determined based on the child's age, weight, and health condition.

Administration Methods:

·        Tamar Bhasma is traditionally administered orally.

·        It is usually taken with honey, ghee (clarified butter), or warm water after meals to enhance absorption and reduce any potential gastric discomfort.

·        The powder can be mixed with the recommended vehicle and consumed.


It is crucial to note that the dosage and administration guidelines provided here are general recommendations. The expertise of an Ayurvedic practitioner is invaluable in determining the appropriate dosage and ensuring safe and effective use of Tamar Bhasma. They will consider the individual's unique constitution, dosha imbalance, and specific health needs to provide personalized recommendations.

Ayurvedic product that includes Tamar Bhasma as one of its ingredients

Ashwashila Gold - Ayurvedic Vigor and Vitality Syrup:

Ashwashila Gold is a renowned Ayurvedic vigor and vitality syrup that combines various traditional herbs and ingredients, including Tamar Bhasma. This unique formulation is designed to promote overall well-being, enhance vitality, and support the body's natural energy levels.

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Precautions and Contraindications:

·        Tamar Bhasma should be taken under the supervision of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner.

·        It is important to consider individual constitution, imbalances, and any pre-existing health conditions before using Tamar Bhasma.

·        Copper supplementation should be avoided in cases of copper sensitivity, Wilson's disease, or any other condition where copper intake is contraindicated.

·        Pregnant women and nursing mothers should consult with a healthcare professional before using Tamar Bhasma.

Current Research and Future Prospects:

While scientific research specifically on Tamar Bhasma is limited, there have been studies exploring the therapeutic potential of copper and Ayurvedic formulations containing copper. These studies provide some insights into the broader context of Tamar Bhasma. Here are a few notable findings and potential future applications:

Antimicrobial Activity:

Copper has been studied for its antimicrobial properties, including its ability to inhibit the growth of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This property may have implications for the potential use of Tamar Bhasma in developing antimicrobial treatments or as a supportive therapy for infectious diseases.

Anti-Inflammatory and Antioxidant Effects:

Copper exhibits anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, which may contribute to its potential benefits in managing inflammatory conditions and reducing oxidative stress. Further research may explore the specific mechanisms involved and the potential applications of Tamar Bhasma in conditions characterized by inflammation and oxidative damage.

Tissue Regeneration:

Some studies have investigated the regenerative properties of copper and its potential role in tissue repair and wound healing. Tamar Bhasma, with its copper content, may hold promise in the development of therapies for wound healing and tissue regeneration.

Neuroprotective Potential:

Preliminary studies have suggested that copper has neuroprotective properties and may play a role in supporting brain health. Further research may explore the potential applications of Tamar Bhasma in neurological conditions or as a preventive measure for cognitive decline.

Nanotechnology Applications:

Copper nanoparticles have gained attention in various fields, including medicine. The utilization of copper nanoparticles derived from Tamar Bhasma may have potential applications in targeted drug delivery systems, imaging techniques, and biomedical devices.


It is important to note that while these studies provide insights into the broader potential of copper, more research is needed to specifically investigate Tamar Bhasma and its unique properties and applications. Rigorous scientific studies, including preclinical and clinical trials, are necessary to establish the safety, efficacy, and optimal usage of Tamar Bhasma in various healthcare contexts.

The future prospects of Tamar Bhasma lie in further exploring its therapeutic properties, elucidating the underlying mechanisms of action, and conducting well-designed clinical trials to validate its efficacy in specific conditions. Collaboration between traditional Ayurvedic knowledge and modern scientific research can lead to a deeper understanding of Tamar Bhasma and its potential integration into evidence-based healthcare practices.

It is an exciting time for research in the field of Ayurveda and natural remedies, and future studies may shed more light on the therapeutic benefits and potential applications of Tamar Bhasma in the realm of modern healthcare.


In conclusion, Tamar Bhasma holds significance as a traditional Ayurvedic preparation with potential therapeutic properties. Throughout the article, we explored various aspects of Tamar Bhasma, including its historical background, preparation process, medicinal properties, dosage and administration, safety profile, and current research.

Key points to recap:

1. Tamar Bhasma is a preparation derived from copper and holds a special place in Ayurvedic medicine due to its historical significance and traditional wisdom associated with its preparation.

2. The preparation of Tamar Bhasma involves a meticulous process, including the selection of high-quality copper, purification methods, calcination, levigation, and incineration, with adherence to specific guidelines and safety measures.

3. Tamar Bhasma is believed to possess therapeutic properties such as pitta balancing, digestive support, respiratory health benefits, cardiac support, anti-inflammatory effects, and antioxidant activity. However, further scientific research is needed to validate these claims.

4. The recommended dosage of Tamar Bhasma varies based on age, health condition, and the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. It is typically administered orally with suitable vehicles such as honey, ghee, or warm water.

5. Safety precautions should be considered, including awareness of copper sensitivity, adherence to dosage and duration guidelines, caution during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and consultation with a healthcare professional, particularly for individuals with pre-existing health conditions or taking concurrent medications.

6. While scientific research on Tamar Bhasma is limited, studies on copper and Ayurvedic formulations containing copper suggest potential applications in areas such as antimicrobial treatments, anti-inflammatory interventions, tissue regeneration, neuroprotection, and nanotechnology applications. However, further research, including clinical trials, is necessary to explore these potential benefits.

Tamar Bhasma represents the rich traditional knowledge and wisdom of Ayurveda. Its potential benefits and applications warrant further exploration and scientific research. By integrating traditional Ayurvedic wisdom with modern scientific methodologies, we can gain a deeper understanding of Tamar Bhasma's therapeutic potential and its role in promoting holistic health and well-being.

Therefore, it is important to encourage and support ongoing research and exploration into Tamar Bhasma and other Ayurvedic preparations to unlock their full potential and contribute to evidence-based healthcare practices.



The information provided here is for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. Always consult a qualified healthcare practitioner for personalized guidance.

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